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Santa Marta Parakeet Pyrrhura viridicata

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  • © Bill Fiero

As the name suggests, the Santa Marta Parakeet is restricted to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in northern Colombia. It is the only species of Pyrrhura in the Santa Martas, although it overlap with the larger Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga wagleri), Red-billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus) and Scaly-naped Parrot (Amazona mercenaria). The Santa Marta Parakeet is mostly green, with orange and red underwing coverts, blue primaries, and a variable amount of red on the belly. The Santa Marta Parakeet inhabits humid montane forest at 1800-2800 m. Although less common, it is also observed along forest borders and second growth woodland, and crossing over cleared and cultivated areas when flying between forest fragments. In typical Pyrrhura fashion, these parakeets fly in small, close flocks, often in twisting flight through the canopy. Its diet comprises more than 20 known plant species and seems to show within and between-year variations according to its availability. Breeds from december-january through  may, although there have been reported breeding attempts between july and october. In view of its restricted geographic distribution, in a region that is under pressure of habitat loss from the expansion of agriculture, the IUCN Red List status of the Santa Marta Parakeet is assessed as Endangered.

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© Matthew Sarver

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  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Santa Marta Parakeet (Pyrrhura viridicata), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/sampar1