Todd's Nightjar Setopagis heterura


Until recently this small grayish-brown nightjar was considered conspecific with the Little Nightjar (Caprimulgus parvulus); however, their songs are quite different, with the present species’ territorial call being transcribed pik, gobble-gobble-gobble-gobble. The two species’ ranges are entirely allopatric, with the Todd’s Nightjar restricted to northernmost South America, between extreme northeast Colombia, across northern and central Venezuela, and southern Guyana, where this species was only recently discovered. It has been postulated that the Todd’s Nightjar might also be eventually found in the savannas of northernmost Brazil, in the state of Roraima. This nightjar is found in open forests, woodlands and other wooded country, where it occurs from sea level to 2000 m. In part because of the species’ long-standing placement as a subspecies, its behavior and biology require elucidation.

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© Paul A. Schwartz

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Todd's Nightjar (Setopagis heterura), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: