This Rufous-winged Tanager occurs from Guatemala to northwestern Ecuador, including extreme eastern Guatemala, northern Honduras, eastern Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, as well as the forest in Colombia and tropical zone of the entire Pacific coast of Colombia to northwestern Ecuador (Meyer de Schauensee 1964). Also occurs on Gorgona Island, Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986). Occurs from lowlands to 1000 m (Parker et al. 1996), but mostly found below 500 m (Ridgely and Tudor 2009). In the Costa Rica, the species occurs from 250 to 750 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989). In northwestern Ecuador, it is found from 50 to 750 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001).