Parker et al. (1996) categorize the Rufous-winged Tanager as "fairly common" relative to other neotropical birds, with its center of abundance in the hill tropical elevational zone. The species is uncommon to locally common in Ecuador and fairly common in Colombia (Restall et al. 2007). There is no information related to topics such as age at first breeding, life span and survivorship, dispersal, or population regulation for Rufous-winged Tanager.