The Rufous-tailed Hawk is the southern counterpart of the Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jaimacensis) of North America. It occurs in a variety of habitats, mostly open, in southern and central Argentina and Chile. The pale morph resembles the Red-tailed in having a rufous tail, brown upperparts, and pale underparts, but is more uniformly streaked below. The dark morph is black overall, with a grayish tail banded narrowly in black. Feeding behavior is poorly known, but it is known to take small mammals and birds, generally hunting from a perch. The stick nest is placed high in a tree. The Rufous-tailed Hawk is relatively rare throughout its range, and may deserve special conservation attention.