Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius

  • Order: Gruiformes
  • Family: Rallidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Rufous-sided Crake
eBird range map for Rufous-sided Crake

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The distribution of Rufous-sided Crake is discontinuous. It is very local in northern Venezuela (Hilty 2003), and also occurs in Guyana (Snyder 1966, Braun et al. 2007) and in Suriname (Haverschmidt 1968).

Also occurs from southeastern Colombia east across Brazil, primarily south of the Amazon, and south to Bolivia, southern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northern Argentina.

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Rufous-sided Crake occurs in fresh water marshes, such as the grassy marshes with scattered bushes along edges of oxbow lakes, around ponds and flooded places in pastureland,; probably occurs in marshes on river slands in north, and reed beds (Typha spp.) (Haverschmidt 1968, Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a, T.A. Parker unpublished observations).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. (2012). Rufous-sided Crake (Laterallus melanophaius), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.