The Ruddy Quail-Dove is the most widely distributed species of Geotrygon; it occurs in the Caribbean and in Central and South America from Mexico south to Argentina. Like other species of quail-dove, it is a medium-sized columbid and is stocky in shape. Males are mostly chestnut brown, while the females area lighter brown; both sexes have a pale stripe along the side of the face under under the eye, and reddish tarsi. The Ruddy Quail-Dove is widely distributed in forest and woodland habitats, but does not tolerate extensive habitat fragmentation. Like other quail-doves, this species forages solitarily or in pairs for seeds and invertebrates on the ground in thick cover.