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Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, and Thomas S. Schulenberg


Geographic Variation

Campylopterus rufus is monotypic.

Related Species

Described as Campylopterus rufus Lesson 1840; no type locality given, presumed to be Guatemala.

Phylogenetic relationships within Campylopterus have not been resolved; Campylopterus rufus possibly forms a superspecies with Campylopterus hyperythrus (Rufous-breasted Sabrewing) (Schuchmann 1999).

Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data reveals that hummingbirds (Trochilidae) constitute nine major clades, comprising the hermits, mangos, Patagona, topazes, coquettes, brilliants, mountain-gems, bees, and emeralds (McGuire et al. 2007). Sabrewings (Campylopterus) belong to the emerald clade. According to this estimate, Campylopterus is sister to a clade made up of Antillean Crested Hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus) and Violet-headed Hummingbird (Klais guimeti). Presumably the genera Abeillia, Stephanoxis, and Phaeochroa also are closely related to the Onychorhynchus-Klais-Campylopterus clade (McGuire et al. 2009), but were not included among the taxa investigated in this research.

Recommended Citation

Arizmendi, M. d. C., C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, C. A. Soberanes-González, and T. S. Schulenberg (2013). Rufous Sabrewing (Campylopterus rufus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.