Rufous Piha forages in the midstory and canopy of forest; it only rarely descends to the ground (Skutch 1969, Stiles and Skutch 1989). It perches for long periods, gazing around, then make a sudden sally, typically taking food (fruit, insects or spiders) from foliage, usually while hovering briefly.
Rufous Pihas are not territorial.
The Rufous Piha is a lekking species, although there is not much known about the courtship displays of this species. Although polygynous, the sexes are monomorphic, a derived characteristic for this species. Males vocalize (mainly whistles) to indicate their presence to nearby females (Olhson et al. 2007).
Social and interspecific behavior
Generally solitary. Only rarely associates with mixed species flocks (Stiles and Skutch 1989).
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