Rufous-faced Antpitta is a medium sized Grallaria that is confined to humid montane forests of northern and central Bolivia. Within this very small range, Rufous-faced Antpitta could be confused only with the larger White-throated Antpitta (Grallaria albigula), which in contrast has the entire head deep rufous, and principally gray underparts. Rufous-faced Antpitta has a grayish crown and nape, and is largely buffy below, grading to whitish ventrally. The songs of the two species also are quite different, being triple noted in Rufous-faced Antpitta, but with only two notes in White-throated Antpitta. The scant data on reproduction for Rufous-faced Antpitta come from a single nest observed in captivity.