The Ruddy Pigeon is a very widely distributed bird in the Neotropics. It is found from Costa Rica south across virtually all of the northern two-thirds of South America, as far as northern Bolivia. Despite its broad distribution, comparatively little is known concerning the Ruddy Pigeon’s life history, especially its feeding and breeding behavior. The wings, back and tail are generally dark brown, whilst the rest of the bird’s plumage is dull reddish to purple. As such, the bird’s appearance is generally similar to the otherwise larger Plumbeous Pigeon (Patagioenas plumbea), which is also widespread over much of northern South America, and the two co-exist at many localities. They are perhaps most easily separated by voice.