Distribution in the Americas
Rufous-crowned Antpitta is found only in the Chocó Endemic Area, where it is resident from west central Colombia (northern Chocó Department; rosenbergi), southward to Nariño and western Cauca Departments (harterti) and northwestern Ecuador (Esmeraldas and Pichincha Provinces; rufopileatum) (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001, Krabbe and Schulenberg 2003, Jahn 2011).
Distribution outside the Americas
Confined to the Americas.
Rufous-crowned Antpittas inhabit the understory of humid lowland and foothill forests in the southern Chocó Endemic Bird Area, at elevations up to 1100 m (Hilty and Brown 1986, Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001, Jahn 2011). There have been no studies documenting the specifics of habitat preferences and use, but their preferences are presumably similar to the better studied Black-crowned Antpitta (Pittasoma michleri) of Central America.