Like other gnateaters, antpittas, and antthrushes, Rufous-crowned Antpitta is generally shy and retiring, with almost no published information on its behavior available. Willis (1985) published observations on several individuals (rosenbergi) foraging at ant swarms, but the degree to which this species interacts with raiding ant swarms is not well documented. Despite the lack of further documentation, the fact that this species follows ants has been oft-repeated (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Krabbe and Schulenberg 2003). My interpretation of Willis’s (1985) data suggests that Rufous-crowned Antpittas may only opportunistically join ant-following flocks. Like Grallaria and Hylopezus antpittas, Rufous-crowned Antpitta is most frequently seen running or making long (0.4 m) bounds along the ground, rarely perching more than 0.5 m above the ground (Willis 1985).