The taxonomy and nomenclature of Pyrrhura parakeets are complicated. The current classification of the Rose-fronted Parakeet is a good example of this confusing state of affairs. Rose-fronted Parakeet for many decades was classified as a subspecies of the Painted Parakeet (Pyrrhura picta), although the extensively red head of roseifrons makes its appearance seem very different from that of most members of the picta group. Subspecies roseifrons of Rose-fronted Parakeet occurs in western Amazonia, in eastern Peru and western Brazil south of the Marañón and Amazon rivers, and south into northern Bolivia. In common with many other Pyrrhura parakeets, especially within the Painted and the Maroon-faced (Pyrrhura leucotis) parakeet groups, roseifrons is mostly green with whitish auriculars, which form a pale patch on the sides of the head, and with a red tail and center to the belly. This subspecies easily is distinguished from other Pyrrhura, however, by the bright red color of the head. The taxonomy of Rose-fronted Parakeet is complicated, however, by a second subspecies, peruviana, which occurs in two separate areas: in northwestern Amazonian Peru north of the Marañón river, and in the Apurímac valley in south central Peru. Subspecies peruviana lacks red on the head, and its appearance is very similar to that of Bonaparte's Parakeet (Pyrrhura lucianii) of southwestern Brazil. The available genetic evidence, however, suggests that peruviana and roseifrons constitute a single lineage, despite their very different appearance. The Rose-fronted Parakeet is widespread and fairly common in lowland evergreen forest, but the biology of this species is very poorly known.