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Southern Rockhopper Penguin Eudyptes chrysocome

  • Order: Sphenisciformes
  • Family: Spheniscidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors needed...
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  • © Project Penguins

Southern Rockhopper Penguin is one of the two species of "crested" penguins (genus Eudyptes) found in South America; the other is Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus). Although few people get to see this species in South America, there are large colonies in Chile, with two estimated at over 100,000 pairs, and another at over 80,000 pairs! It also nests in numbers on the Falkland Islands. Southern Rockhopper Penguin is the most widespread species of Eudyptes, also breeding on various islands around New Zealand sector as well as in the southern Indian Ocean. Southern Rockhopper Penguin has black upperparts and throat, white breast and belly, and bold golden tufts on the sides of the head, behind the eyes. Rockhopper penguins are surface nesters, and they forage on various marine life, ranging from krill to fish and squid. In winter some move north but stay offshore. Sometimes sick Southern Rockhopper Penguins show up in winter as far north as Uruguay or central Chile.

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Calls

© Ted Parker

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  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Southern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/rocpen1