Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus


An Atlantic Forest biome endemic, the Robust Woodpecker is a typical Campephilus in its plumage, with a virtually all-red head, pale and dark-barred underparts, and largely black upperparts with a creamy-white rump and mantle. Males possess a small white and black spot on the ear covers, whereas females have a much more obvious pale stripe, outlined in black, which reaches from the bill base to just behind and below the eyes. The Robust Woodpecker ranges from southern Bahia, in Brazil, south to eastern Paraguay and northeast Argentina, as well as the southernmost state in Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul; throughout this distribution, the species is found in humid forest, nearly always in areas dominated by tall trees, in both the lowlands and mountains.

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© Bret Whitney

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Robust Woodpecker (Campephilus robustus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: