At the global level, Rufous-necked Wood-Rail is considered to be a species of Least Concern (BirdLife International 2014). Its global population has not been measured but it seems stable. In Mexico it is considered a threatened species, because of the vulnerability of its isolated populations within habitats that are under high risk of destruction or degradation (Ramos-Ordoñez 2010). No conservation or management programs are known for this species. In Costa Rica it is considered an endangered species due to habitat loss by drainage in crops.