At the global level, Rufous-necked Wood-Rail is considered to be a species of Least Concern (BirdLife International 2014). Its global population has not been measured but it seems stable. In Mexico it is considered a threatened species, because of the vulnerability of its isolated populations within habitats that are under high risk of destruction or degradation (Ramos-Ordoñez 2010). No conservation or management programs are known for this species. In Costa Rica it is considered an endangered species due to habitat loss by drainage in crops.
Effects of human activity on populations
Mangroves are imperiled by development, pollution, mariculture, and changes in sea level and salinity, all of which are anthropogenically driven. The effects of these threats are highly unstudied in mangrove restricted species and should be of a high research priority when considering the conservation of these species and systems (Luther and Greenberg 2009). Valqui and Walker (2002) suggest the importance of targeting protection of remaining healthy mangrove systems and adjacent woodland habitats rather than seeking out large expanses of land that may not be as healthy or intact and appropriate for the species of concern in order to protect the existing communities.