This slightly crested wood-quail of lowland forest is the sole species of Odontophorus within its range, making confusion with other species very unlikely. The Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail was sometimes treated as conspecific with the Black-eared Wood-Quail (Odontophorus melanotis) in the past. The present species occurs from northwest Colombia to southwest Ecuador, where it inhabits lowland and foothill forests to 1600 m, and is subdivided into two distinctive races. The nominate race, which occurs in southern Ecuador, has a black throat and otherwise deep rufous head and underparts, whereas the subspecies that occurs over most of the species’ range has a striking white band across the black throat. In contrast, the differences between the sexes are relative minor. The species’ habits are presumably similar to those of other wood-quail, although rather few observations have been published concerning its ecology.