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Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi

  • Order: Suliformes
  • Family: Phalacrocoracidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Esteban Frere and Ana Millones


Barros, R., H.V. Norambuena, and V. Raimilla. 2014. Breeding population of Red-Legged Cormorant (Phalacrocorax gaimardi) along the Araucania region coast, south-central Chile. Waterbirds 37: 331-334.

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Johnson, A.W. 1965 The birds of Chile and adjacent regions of Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. Volume 1. Platt Establecimientos Gráficos, Buenos Aires.

Frere, E., and P. Gandini. 2001. Aspects of the breeding biology of Red-legged cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi on the Atlantic coast of South America. Marine Ornithology 29: 67–70.

Frere, E., P. Gandini, J. Ruiz, and Y. A. Vilina. 2004. Current status and breeding distribution of Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi along the Chilean coast. Bird Conservation International 14: 115–123.

Frere, E., F. Quintana, and P. Gandini. 2005. Cormoranes de la costa patagónica: estado poblacional, ecología y conservación. El Hornero 20: 35–52.

Frere, E., F. Quintana, P. Gandini, and R. P. Wilson. 2008. Foraging behaviour and habitat partitioning of two sympatric cormorants in Patagonia, Argentina. Ibis 150: 558–564.

Gandini, P., E. Frere, and F. Quintana 2005. Feeding Performance and foraging area of Red-Legged Cormorant. Waterbirds 28: 41–45.

Millones, A., Frere, E. and Gandini, P. (2005). Dieta del cormorán gris (Phalacrocorax gaimardi) en la Ría Deseado, Santa Cruz, Argentina. Ornitología Neotropical 16, 519–527.

Millones, A., E. Frere, and P. Gandini. 2008. Breeding habitat use by Red-legged Cormorant (Phalacrocorax gaimardi) in Patagonia, Argentina. Waterbirds 31: 656–660.

Millones, A., E. Frere, and P. Gandini. 2010. Availability and use of breeding habitat by the Red-legged Cormorant (Phalacrocorax gaimardi): evidence for habitat selection. Emu 110: 155–159.

Murphy, R.C. 1936. Oceanic Birds of South America. Vol II. New York. Mus. Nat. Hist.

Nelson, J. B. 2005. Pelicans, cormorants and their relatives: Pelecanidae, Sulidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Anhingidae, Fregatidae, Phaethontidae. Oxford University press.

Rasmussen, P. 1998. Variation. in the juvenal plumage of the Red-legged shag (Phalacrocorax gaimardi) and notes on behavior of juveniles. Wilson Bulletin 100: 535-554.

Zavalaga, C. B., E. Frere, and P. Gandini. 2002. Status of Red-legged Cormorant in Peru: What factors affect distribution and Numbers?. Waterbirds 25: 8–15

Recommended Citation

Frere, E. and A. Millones (2012). Red-legged Cormorant (Phalacrocorax gaimardi), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.