The Red-fronted Macaw is a large charismatic macaw which, due its extremely restricted range, is highly endangered. It is only found in the arid semi-desert, intermontane valleys of three rivers in the Andes of central Bolivia. In these valleys it inhabits fairly undisturbed dry forest. This habitat that was once found throughout the inter-Andean valleys of Bolivia, but in the preceding centuries has been highly degraded, resulting in the macaw’s restricted distribution and small, declining population. In its three valleys the Red-fronted Macaw is still common and can most readily be seen at its nests,which are situated in the crevices of large cliffs, often over river courses.