Red Warbler Cardellina rubra

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Parulidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Andrew Dreelin

Sounds and Vocal Behavior


The song of Red Warbler is intricate, and is described as "three forceful, clear notes...followed by a complex jumble of burrs, trills, and chips..." Phonetically, it resembles "cheevy-cheevy-cheevy . . petle-petle-petle, chur chur" or "chivy, chwvy chivvy, hu-r-r-r-r, chiv-chiv-chiv" (Elliott 1969).

For a representative audio recording with sonogram, see audio

The call is described as "a sibilant chi-ip or shee-ip, with the terminal syllable 'fussy' and rising in inflection" (Elliot 1969), and a "rather forceful but plaintive pseet" (Curson 2010).

No geographic variation in song or call has been reported.

Listen to more audio recordings of vocalizations of Red Warbler at the Macaulay Library and at xeno-canto.

Nonvocal Sounds

None described.

Recommended Citation

Dreelin, A. (2014). Red Warbler (Cardellina rubra), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.