Red Warbler Cardellina rubra

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Parulidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Andrew Dreelin


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Red Warbler
eBird range map for Red Warbler

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Red Warbler is endemic to the highlands of western and southern Mexico, north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Three disjunct populations are known: from southwestern Chihuahua south to northern Nayarit; from southern Jalisco and Michoacán east to western Veracruz and northern Oaxaca; and in southern Mexico in Guerrero and southern Oaxaca (Miller et al. 1957, Howell and Webb 1995).

The elevational range of Red Warbler is 1800-3500 m (Howell and Webb 1995). It usually is described as resident, but Moore (1937) suggested that, in northwestern Mexico, records from below 3000 m were indicative of elevational migration, and Schaldach (1963) similarly reported seasonal movements to lower elevations in the nonbreeding season in Colima.

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Red Warbler occurs in pine-pak, pine, and fir forests (Elliott 1969, Binford 1989, Howell and Webb 1995), and also occupies woods dominated by oaks in the nonbreeding season (Howell and Webb 1995).

Historical changes

None described.

Fossil history

None described.

Recommended Citation

Dreelin, A. (2014). Red Warbler (Cardellina rubra), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.