Notice for readers: On March 31, Neotropical Birds will be integrated into the new Birds of the World, a powerful research database offering species accounts for every species on earth. Learn more at While Birds of the World is a subscription service, we remain committed to offering this content to Neotropical Birds contributors and to those unable to pay for it through our scholarship program. Stay tuned.

Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana


Sounds and Vocal Behavior


The vocalizations of the Red-cowled Cardinal are active combinations of musical warbles with distinctive “weet-chups” that predominate throughout their call and song (Restall 1974). The first and second note are quite different, the first note rising in a questioning manner while the second is given almost as a direct response to the first with a commanding downward inflection (Jaramillo 2011). Interestingly, this repetitive call/song can be repeated from 5-10 seconds or longer. Additional audio recordings of vocalizations of Paroaria dominicana can be heard at Macaulay Library and at xeno-canto.

Nonvocal Sounds

The only non-vocal sound that is described for the Red-cowled Cardinal is that of the male opening his beak as if to sing or call but remaining silent while displaying to the female (Restall 1974). The male remains in a bowed position while extending his head upward, displaying his red neck and then proceeds to open his bill (Restall 1974).

Recommended Citation

Red-cowled Cardinal (Paroaria dominicana), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: