Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana


Demography and Populations

Parker et al. (1996) categorize Paroaria dominicana as common relative to other Neotropical birds with a center of abundance in the lower tropical zone. No information is available on age at first breeding, life span, survivorship or population regulation. There are several parasites and nematodes that infect this tanager—Diplotriaena, Dorylaimoidea, helminthes and Cryptosporidium (Zamith and Lordello 1952, Carvalho et al. 2007, Carvalho et al. 2008, Godoy and Matushima 2010, Allegretti et al. 2011). According to Bird Life International (2015), the population of Paroaria dominicana is thought to be stable, but, it has not been calculated.

Recommended Citation

Red-cowled Cardinal (Paroaria dominicana), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: