This species is not endangered and is considered to be at a low priority for conservation (Parker et al. 1996, Jamarillo 2011). The conservation status of the Red-cowled Cardinal is listed as Least Concern (BirdLife International 2015). However, there is no data on their actual population number and it is believed to be increasing greatly (Jamarillo 2011, Tavares and Siciliano 2014).
Effects of human activity on populations
Parker et al. (1996) considered Paroaria dominicana to have a low degree of sensitivity to human disturbance relative to other Neotropical birds. This tanager is kept as a pet or sold in the underground bird market of Brazil and is even used for bird fights (Oren 1982, Silvas & Oren 1990, Alves et al. 2009, Fernandes-Ferreira et al. 2012, Regueira & Bernard 2012). Silvas and Oren (1990) comment on their findings on the trafficking of Paroaria dominicana coming from areas that parallel in high human trafficking as well.