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Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana




This species of tanager forages on the ground in energetic hops or by walking either by itself or in groups of its own species (Sick 1993, Jamarillo 2011). Restall (1974) mentions that this tanager is not very aggressive unless it has to be—even withstanding multiple aerial attacks or annoyances from other birds—and does intermingle with other species with ease.


No information available. Restall (1974) describes the Red-cowled Cardinal as not aggressive or confrontational in captivity.

Sexual Behavior

Little is known about the Red-cowled Cardinal’s sexual behavior. According to Restall (1974), the male and female perform the same mating display to each other, however, that the male will perform his display to a more exaggerated extent. The male will initially bow down to the female, and repeatedly display his red chest to her as she does the same—both move their beaks upward to further show their red throats. The male furthers his display by fanning out his wings and tail while singing warbles and “weet-chups” (Restall 1974). The male also performs his silent non-vocal display aforementioned under “non-vocal sounds”.

Social and interspecific behavior

No specific information is available except that they can intermingle with other species when kept as pets (Restall 1974).

Recommended Citation

Red-cowled Cardinal (Paroaria dominicana), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: