The Red-banded Fruiteater is a much sought-after bird by birdwatchers visiting the pantepui region of South America, it being undoubtedly one of this region’s most spectacular endemics. On present knowledge, this fruiteater is considered to be confined to southeast Venezuela and adjacent Guyana, although the species has been reported, on the basis of undocumented and apparently erroneous reports, from northern Brazil. The species is perhaps most easily encountered along the famous Escalera road in Venezuela, where the Red-banded Fruiteater inhabits wet montane mossy and cloud forest, as well as more stunted dense secondary forest, always with a predominance of melastomes. Males are basically dull moss green above with grayish underparts, a contrasting orangey-red breast-band, and a bronze wash to the flight feathers. The female is much duller, being greenish over the upperparts, with heavily streaked underparts. The origin and relationships of this remarkable species, which exhibits a plumage quite unlike any of its congeners, have baffled biogeographers; its behavior and ecology too are poorly known.