Puna Tinamou occupies the high Andes from Peru south through Bolivia to northern Chile and Argentina, and occurs at higher altitudes than any other tinamou. Relatively striking for a tinamou, it has bold white strips on the head, a rufous vent, and olivaceous rump. Birds frequently associate in groups and inhabit brushy or rocky areas of puna. During harsh weather they descend to valleys and other protected areas. Puna Tinamous do not construct a nest or scrape, but simply lay their eggs on the ground in the shelter of some vegetation. When the chicks hatch, they may gather in groups composed of young from several broods and attended by several males.