This finch is endemic to the chapadas of eastern Brazil and is also known as the Pale-throated Serra-Finch. It is somewhat similar to the more southern Great Pampa-Finch (Embernagra plantensis) but it is slimmer, smaller, longer-tailed and shows a largely grey head with well defined whitish eyering. Like its more southern relative, the Pale-throated Pampa-Finch has a loud and distinctive whistled song. It is a bird of grasslands, particularly montane grasslands. Its preferred habitat is not extensive, and is naturally fragmented. There is some pressure on its highland grass-shrub habitat, but recent work in this area of Brazil suggests that the Pale-throated Pampa-Finch is more widespread than previously recognized so it may actually warrant downlisting to Least Concern.