Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Jacob Peters
Sections

Breeding

Little information; what little is known is from Skutch (1967). Purple-throated Mountain-gems breed primarily during the rainy season from October to April (Stiles and Skutch 1999). The nests are "substantial, thick-walled, open cups, with incurved walls" (Skutch 1967). Nests are made "chiefly of buffy and tawny [plant] down", fern scales, and liverworts, with exteriors of moss and lichen (Skutch 1967). Nests are 1.2-3.6 m above the ground, with a mean height of 2 m (n=6; Skutch 1967). Nest sites include on bamboo sprays, on stems of coarse grass, and in small trees. One nest measured 6.3 cm in diameter with a height of 5 cm (Skutch 1967). The cluch is two; eggs are white, unmarked, and highly elongate. Females incubate the eggs and feed the nestlings (Snow 1977). Incubation is 17-18 days and the fledging period is 22-23 days (Schuchmann 1999).

Recommended Citation

Peters, J. (2011). Purple-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis calolaemus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.ptmgem.01