The Pompadour Cotinga is one of those birds that makes the Neotropical avifauna one of the gaudiest collections of organisms on the planet. Males are a striking metallic burgundy with bright white wings; females are charcoal gray with a white belly and blackish wings. The species resides in the canopy and edges of lowland humid forest in Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, and the Guianas up to 1300 meters. The species is much more common in the northern part of the range than it is in western Amazonia. Pompadour Cotingas are mostly silent, but males engage in ritual chasing which may serve a function as a display.