Distribution in the Americas
Plushcaps are found at high elevations from northern Venezuela south to Argentina, including the coastal mountains of Venezuela and the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and extreme northwestern Argentina (Jujuy). The center of abundance is upper montane, with an elevational distribution of 1800-3500 m (Parker et. al 1996).
Distribution outside the Americas
Endemic to South America.
Prefers elfin forest and montane evergreen forest habitats (Parker et al. 1996). More specifically, they are bamboo specialists and are found in close association with Chusquea bamboo in humid, highland forests (Hilty et al. 1979, Hilty and Brown 1986, Hilty 2003).