An undergrowth foliage-gleaner of lowland Amazonia, the Peruvian Recurvebill is a rather unusual-appearing Furnariid indeed. With a very hefty bill headlined by a heavily upswept mandible, the name of this otherwise rufous bird is certainly warranted. It can be separated visually from the somewhat similar Bolivian Recurvebill by a lack of lack of streaking on the upperparts. Peruvian Recurvebill occurs in southeastern Peru, northwestern Bolivia, and also in Amazonian Brazil, but is difficult to see due to its habitat preference of Guadua bamboo thickets. Keying in on the species' ascending, nasal, chattering song is probably a better way to locate the birds in the dense bamboo in which they reside.