This is the sole member of the genus Colorhamphus, but it is thought to be closely allied to Ochthoeca chat-tyrants. This is an unassuming and relatively inconspicuous inhabitant of southern beech (Nothofagus) forest. Its true abundance is not clear until one learns the soft, shrill up-slurred whistle which gives away its presence. Patagonian Tyrants are flycatchers of the forest, but prefer lower to middle strata in relatively old forest with an open mid-story. They are migratory and move both north and often out of the forest into varied wooded habitats in winter, this can include parks within larger cities in Chile. To those who have looked carefully for this forest bird in spring and summer, it is quite a shock to see them in a much wider and sometimes urbanized areas during winter in Chile. It is a subtly attractive flycatcher, small billed and large headed with a grey face and dark cheeks, as well as contrasting cinnamon wingbars.