Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum

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Breeding adult (Yellow)

On the larger side for a warbler with a round belly and a rusty cap. Warblers breeding east of Hudson Bay (“Yellow” Palm Warblers) have entirely yellow underparts with stronger rusty streaks on the breast and yellow eyebrows.

Breeding adult (Western)

Large, stocky warbler with a rusty cap. Individuals breeding west of Hudson Bay (“Western” Palm Warblers) have whitish bellies, yellow undertails, and pale eyebrows.

Nonbreeding/immature (Yellow)

Nonbreeding/immatures have paler yellow undertails, a dull brown crown, and faint streaking on the breast. Most individuals in eastern North America (Yellow) have yellower bellies and a yellow eyebrow.

Nonbreeding/immature (Western)

Nonbreeders and immatures have paler yellow undertails, a dull brown crown, and faint streaking on the breast. Individuals in western North America (Western) have whitish bellies and a pale eyebrow.

Nonbreeding/immature (Western)

Nonbreeders and immatures have paler yellow undertails, a dull brown crown, and faint streaking on the breast. Note yellow undertail coverts.

Nonbreeding/immature (Western)

Nonbreeders and immatures have paler yellow undertails, a dull brown crown, and faint streaking on the breast. Note yellow undertail coverts.

Breeding adult (Western)

Often found foraging on the ground. Wags its tail nearly constantly.

Habitat

Breeds in the boreal forest in bogs with scattered evergreen trees and thick ground cover. Eastern birds have entirely yellow underparts.

Recommended Citation

Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/palwar