The Palm Tanager is one of the most widespread and familiar birds of humid lowland forests of the neotropics, from Nicaragua south to southern Brazil. The Palm Tanager is similar in many ways to the Blue-gray Tanager (Thraupis episcopus), although the Palm Tanager is less likely to colonize urban centers, as do Blue-gray Tanagers. Palm Tanagers are common at forest borders, but also occur in the canopy of the interior of forest. As the name suggests, Palm Tanagers often are associated with palm trees, but by no means are they restricted to living in palms. Their diet is roughly equally balanced between fruit and arthropods. When foraging, they often cling to the undersides of large leaves, such as to the ends of palm fronds and to Cecropia leaves. Palm Tanagers usually travel in pairs, or in small groups. They often forage apart from other species, but Palm Tanagers also commonly join aggregations of other species at fruiting trees.