The Painted Redstart is among the most attractive and festive looking of all Parulids. It is largely black, but shows a large white wing patch, extensive white on the outside of the tail, a bright red belly and a surprisingly noticeable white crescent below the eye. It is a bird of Pine-Oak forests found as far north as the Southwest of the United States, south to northernmost Nicaragua. Given its habitat requirements, it is a bird of the temperate highlands, not the tropics. It nests on the ground, often on a dry slope, hiding the nest partly beneath a bush or root. It is a resident in much of its range, but the northern population is definitely migratory retreating south into central Mexico during the non-breeding season. Although genetic data confirms that this is clearly in the genus Myioborus, sometimes known as the “whitestarts,” it is the oldest branch within the genus. In many ways the color pattern and generally blackish plumage is unlike that of other members of the group, and its odd descending call note is also quite unique within the whitestarts.