Despite being labeled as a "low" research priority by Parker et al. (1996) relative to other Neotropical birds, there is much more to learn about Tangara velia. Our knowledge and documentation of basic information in such categories as molting cycles, historical changes, territoriality, sexual behavior and reproduction are lacking. Our understanding of T. velia’s population dynamics is limited, as is the potential role they play in shaping ecosystems. There is good evidence that the southeastern Brazil subspecies deserves to be recognized as a separate species. Thus, the validity of cyanomelaena should be investigated using genetic data, especially because it occurs in an area under great threat of habitat destruction.