Distribution in the Americas
The Opal-rumped Tanager has a disjunt distribution: three subspecies are found in the Amazon basin, and one subspecies, cyanomelaena, is isolated from the other three in southeastern Brazil. Opal-rumped Tanager primarily occurs in the lowlands, although it occassionally reaches to 1200 m in Venezuela (Hilty 2003). However, this species is typically seen below 500 m (Restall et al. 2007). Their center of abudance is the lower tropical zones where they are uncommon and patchily in Amazonia (Parker et al. 1996).
Distribution outside the Americas
Endemic to South America.
The Opal-Rumped Tanager is primarily found in tropical lowland evergreen forests and occasionally in secondary growth, edges, shaded plantations, and clearings with small trees (Isler and Isler 1987, Parker et al. 1996, Restall et al. 2007). In a study by Pearson (1971), 52% of observed individuals were found in the upper canopy (25-40m), 24% of individuals were found in the mid-canopy (12-25m), and 24% were found in the lower subcanopy (7-12m) while none resided in the lower shrubs or at ground level.