The Opal-rumped Tanager is described as being an uncommon resident that is patchily distributed throughout Amazonia (Parker et al. 1996, Hilty 2003). Because it resides mainly in the canopy, its presence may be overlooked (therefore making its abundance uncertain) (Restall et al. 2007). Despite being considered uncommon, T. velia has an extremely large range of breeding habitat, an estimated 5,140,000 km2 (BirdLife international 2011). It is thought that population numbers are slowly declining due to deforestation, but because T. velia has such a large breeding range, the decline rate does not meet thresholds that would categorize it as vulnerable (Canaday 1996, BirdLife International). The IUCN (2010) Red List Conservation status of T. velia is accordingly deemed Least Concern (BirdLife International 2011).