There is currently no evidence of any significant population declines in Olive Finch (Jaramillo 2011), although deforestation models predict the population will experience a 25-30% decrease in population over three generations or 11 years (BirdLife International 2015). Consequently its IUCN Red List conservation status is Near Threatened.
Effects of human activity on populations
The primary anthropogenic threats to Olive Finch include accelerating deforestation as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soy production, and expansion of road networks (BirdLife International 2015). The conservation status of Olive Finch has been listed by IUCN Red List as Near Threatened because its population is considered to be declining, with additional population declines predicted in the future (BirdLife International 2015). Parker et al. (1996) considered this species of low conservation priority relative to other Neotropical birds with a medium sensitivity to disturbance.