Olive-capped Warbler Setophaga pityophila

  • © David Ascanio

Restricted to three islands in the northern Bahamas, and the eastern and westernmost extremities of the main island of Cuba, the Olive-capped Warbler is found only in open pine forests. Due to its habit of remaining generally high above the ground, the olive cap, which is the species’ most distinctive feature, can be difficult to see, but the yellow throat and otherwise relatively ‘plain’ head are distinctive in habitat. Yellow-throated Warbler (Dendroica dominica), which overlaps with the Olive-capped Warbler both as a winter visitor (in both archipelagos) and as a breeding bird (on the Bahamas), has an obviously longer bill, much bolder black streaking below, an obvious pale supercilium and dark eyestripe, and much more extensive yellow underparts in the Bahamian subspecies. Two subspecies of Olive-capped Warbler are sometimes recognized, but there are some doubts as to the need to acknowledge Dendroica pityophila bahamensis named for those populations in the Bahamas.

Help complete this species

There are many ways to contribute—we need species information, photographs, audio, video, translations, maps, distribution data, and bird sightings. There's a role for everyone!

Learn more


© Andrew Spencer

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Olive-capped Warbler (Setophaga pityophila), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/olcwar1