Priorities for future research are many. Most important is the development of methods to assess population levels of Ocellated Turkeys within all habitat types that are able to detect all age and sex classes. If a reasonably accurate population size estimate is desired, monitoring techniques will need to be improved. Population survey methods will also assist with accurately determining the occupied range of the species. Investigation of population dynamics and reproductive ecology will be useful in identifying conservation strategies and goals and the quantification of subsistence hunting pressure and habitat alteration may identify management needs.
Further research investigating the applicability of ecotourism, sport hunting, or other methods for placing value on the Ocellated Turkey beyond that of subsistence hunting could boost conservation successes.