Males reach sexual maturity at 2-3 years (Lint 1977, Baur et al. 2012) and females are able to reproduce at one year of age (Baur et al. 2012). The expected lifespan of Ocellated Turkeys is unknown. Gonzalez et al. (1996) reported female survival rates during the April–August nesting and brood-rearing periods as 0.75 and 0.60 in 1993 (n=4) and 1994 (n=5), respectively. Gonzalez et al. (1996) tracked nine female turkeys through two breeding season and found that 8 females attempted to nest and 5 attempts were successful in hatching poults; average number of poults hatched per nest was 6.2. Gonzalez et al. (1996) found that poult survival from hatching to September was 0.13.