The Ocellated Poorwill is a small dark nightjar of Central and South America. Throughout its range it occurs in lowland forest with an open understory. It has two disjunct populations in Nicaragua and Costa Rica, which constitute a separate subspecies. The Ocellated Poorwill is generally common. It often rests on the ground on forested trails, making short sallies for moths, beetles, cockroaches, katydids,a and fireflies; and during the day sometimes can be flushed from the edges of such trails.