Ocellated Antbird Phaenostictus mcleannani

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thamnophilidae
  • Polytypic: 3 subspecies
  • Authors: Hope Batcheller


The nest is a cup located on the ground between the buttresses of a tree. The cup consists of twigs, vine tendrils, and leaves attached to each other and the buttresses by fungal rhizomorphs. The eggs are whitish and heavily marked with red-brown spots and streaks. Clutch size is generally two, and the young are naked at hatching (nest descriptions from Buehler et al. 2004, Class 2009). Both parents share incubation and feeding duties (Willis 1973, Class 2009).

Fledgling birds stay low on tree buttresses or dense treefalls, where adults bring food to them from the ant swarm (Willis 1973). Birds begin foraging at ant swarms at roughly 3-4 weeks of age, and gain near complete foraging independence by 6 weeks of age (Willis 1973).

Recommended Citation

Batcheller, H. (2012). Ocellated Antbird (Phaenostictus mcleannani), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.oceant1.01