Currently treated as Vulnerable by the IUCN, the Ochre-bellied Dove has a small and severely fragmented range from western Ecuador to northwest Peru, which region is still suffering rapid rates of deforestation. It is a principally ground-dwelling species, like other Leptotila, marked by a whitish-pink forehead, becoming rusty-pink on the crown and iridescent purple over the hindcrown and upper mantle. The rest of the upperparts are dark olive and most of the underparts are whitish, except for the buff neck and vinaceous breast. The Ochre-bellied Dove inhabits tropical and subtropical forests, mainly at 500–1,800 m, but is also found to sea level and occasionally to 2,625 m. The species occurs in a variety of forest types, but also in heavily degraded areas, including in scrub and hedgerows, although it is speculated that such habitats cannot support viable populations. Ochre-bellied Doves are generally solitary or are found in pairs, though small groups of up to seven are seen, and they favor areas of dense understory. The species’ ecology is virtually unknown.