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Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Estrildidae
  • Polytypic: 12 subspecies
  • Authors needed...

Like many of the small waxbills, this species has multiple English names in reasonably common usage; the Nutmeg Mannikin is also regularly known as the Spotted Munia or Scaly-breasted Munia. Its plumage is principally dark brown, but the pale posterior underparts are heavily scalloped darker in adults. This species has a widespread natural range across South and South-East Asia, as well as in Indonesia and the Philippines, while in our region it is now reasonably widespread through the Greater Antilles, having been introduced to Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico, as well as on Guadeloupe and Dominica, in the Lesser Antilles, where it arrived in the mid 1980s. The initial introductions came on Puerto Rico in the 1960s, and the species thereafter appeared to spread naturally, having also reached St. Croix, in the Virgin Islands, in the 1980s.

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© Doug Pratt

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: