Northern Emerald-Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Ramphastidae
  • Polytypic: 7 subspecies
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg, A. M. Contreras-González, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, and Kolten Powell


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Northern Emerald-Toucanet
eBird range map for Northern Emerald-Toucanet

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Northern Emerald-Toucanet is resident from southern Mexico (north to San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, and Guerrero) south to Cerro Tacarcuna in easternmost Panama and adjacent Colombia (Wetmore 1968: 310, Renjifo et al. 2017). Throughout this region it is occurs in montane regions, with elevational ranges in Mexico of 250-3000 m (Howell and Webb 1995); of 800-3000 m in Costa Rica (Stiles and Skutch 1989); and of 600-2400 m in Panama (Ridgely and Gywnne 1989).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Northern Emerald-Toucanet inhabits humid montane forest, as well as forest edge, second growth adjacent to forest, plantations, and clearings with scattered trees (Binford 1989, Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Stiles and Skutch 1989, Howell and Webb 1995).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S., A. M. Contreras-González, C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, C. A. Soberanes-González, M. d. C. Arizmendi, and K. Powell (2017). Northern Emerald-Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus prasinus), version 2.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.