Nicaraguan Seed-Finch Sporophila nuttingi

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Thomas S. Schulenberg


Barker, F.K., K.J. Burns, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, and I.J. Lovette. 2013. Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds. Systematic Biology 62: 298-320.

BirdLife International. 2015. Species factsheet: Nicaraguan Seed-finch Oryzoborus nuttingi. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 17 December 2015.

Burns, K.J., S.J. Hackett, and N.K. Klein. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships and morphological diversity in Darwin'S finches and their relatives. Evolution 56: 1240-1252.

Dickerman, R.W. 1971. Further notes on Costa Rican birds. Condor 73: 252-253.

Hellmayr, C. E. 1938. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part XI. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 11.

Howell, T.R. 1957. Birds of a second-growth rain forest area of Nicaragua. Condor 59: 73-111.

Klicka, J., K. Burns, and G.M. Spellman. 2007. Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: a molecular perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1014–1032.

Martínez-Sánchez, J.C., and T. Will (editors). 2010. Thomas R. Howell's check-list of the birds of Nicaragua as of 1993. Ornithological Monographs number 68. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Mason, N.A., and K. J. Burns. 2013. Molecular phylogenetics of the Neotropical seedeaters and seed-finches (Sporophila, Oryzoborus, Dolospingus). Ornitología Neotropical 24: 139–155.

Meyer de Schauensee, R. 1970. A review of the South American finch Oryzoborus crassirostris. Notulae Naturae (Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia) 418: 1-6.

Olson, S.L. 1981. A revision of the subspecies of Sporophila ("Oryzoborus") angolensis (Aves: Emberizinae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94: 43-51.

Paynter, R.A., Jr. 1970. Subfamily Emberizinae, buntings and American sparrows. Pages 3-214 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Ridgely, R.S., and P.J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador: status, distribution, and taxonomy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Ridgely, R.S., and J.A. Gwynne, Jr. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Ridgway, R. 1884. [descriptions of new taxa] in C.C Nutting, On a collection of birds from Nicaragua. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 6: 372-410.

Ridgway, R. 1901. The birds of North and Middle America. Part 1. United States National Museum Bulletin 50, part 1.

Rising, J.D. 2011. Nicaraguan Seed-finch Oryzoborus nuttingi. Page 663 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, and D.A. Christie (editors), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 16. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Sibley, C.G., and B L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Stiles, F.G. 1984. The Nicaraguan Seed-Finch (Oryzoborus nuttingi) in Costa Rica. Condor 86: 118-112.

Stiles, F.G., and A.F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Wetmore, A. 1970. Descriptions of additional forms of birds from Panama and Colombia. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 82: 767-776.

Wolfe, J.D., P. Pyle, and C.J. Ralph. 2009. Breeding seasons, molt patterns, and gender and age criteria for selected northeastern Costa Rican resident landbirds. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121: 556-557.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. (2015). Nicaraguan Seed-Finch (Sporophila nuttingi), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.